This week we are reviewing articles from a variety of Journals, including Pediatrics, Neonatology, Journal of Pediatrics, Pediatric Research, Journal of Perinatology and the famous Cochrane Library.

We touched on a multitude of topics. A paper from PEDIATRICS reviewed old data on the association between phototherapy and childhood cancer. It was fascinating to see that the association was really hinging on certain confounders and that once adjusted for them the initial association disapeared. We also reviewed a paper looking at the effects of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), which showed that being IUGR is a stronger risk factor for long term neurodevelopmental impairment than prematurity itself! You will surely enjoy this episode which also includes discussions on the effect of caffeine on preterm babies' sleep, a review of early corticosteroids for the prevention of BPD published by none other than Pr. Lex Doyle in the Cochrane Library. And finally a novel, and very cool way, to measure umbilical line position in preterm babies.

Article titles and links are timestamped below. Enjoy.

Update on Phototherapy and Childhood Cancer in a Northern California Cohort
10.1542/6270191292001Video AbstractPEDS-VA_2021-0510336270191292001OBJECTIVES. We aimed to reassess the relationship between phototherapy and cancer in an extended version of a previous cohort and to replicate a report from Quebec of increased cancer risk after phototherapy beginning at age 4 years.…
Hour-Specific Total Serum Bilirubin Percentiles for Infants Born at 29–35 Weeks’ Gestation
Introduction: As preterm infants are susceptible to hyperbilirubinemia, they require frequent close monitoring. Prior to initiation of phototherapy, hour-specific total serum bilirubin (TSB) percentile cut-points are lacking in these infants, which led to the current study. Methods: A multi-site ret…
Neurodevelopmental Outcomes following Intrauterine Growth Restriction and Very Preterm Birth
To evaluate whether intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) adds further neurodevelopmentalrisk to that posed by very preterm birth alone in terms of alterations in brain growthand poorer toddlerhood outcomes.
Enteral Iron Supplementation in Infants Born Extremely Preterm and its Positive Correlation with Neurodevelopment; Post Hoc Analysis of the Preterm Erythropoietin Neuroprotection Trial Randomized Controlled Trial
To test whether an increased iron dose is associated with improved neurodevelopmentas assessed by the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, third edition (BSID-III) amonginfants enrolled in the Preterm Erythropoietin (Epo) Neuroprotection Trial (PENUT).
Caffeine is a respiratory stimulant without effect on sleep in the short-term in late-preterm infants - Pediatric Research
Pediatric Research - <ArticleTitle Language="En" xml:lang="en">Caffeine is a respiratory stimulant without effect on sleep in the...
Lung Ultrasound for Prediction of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Extreme Preterm Neonates: A Prospective Diagnostic Cohort Study
To evaluate the diagnostic and predictive ability of lung ultrasound at 3 time pointsin the first 2 weeks after birth for predicting bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) amonginfants <29 weeks of gestational age.
Early (< 7 days) systemic postnatal corticosteroids for prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants - Doyle, LW - 2021 | Cochrane Library
A novel and accurate method for estimating umbilical arterial and venous catheter insertion length - Journal of Perinatology
Journal of Perinatology - &lt;ArticleTitle Language=&quot;En&quot; xml:lang=&quot;en&quot;&gt;A novel and accurate method for estimating umbilical arterial and venous...